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60 Astronomy and

60 Astronomy and Aerospace Camera Electronics First Sensor has successfully participated in a variety of projects in the aerospace industry. Often these have involved highly specialized solutions that must undergo an optimization process requiring a number of design cycles pursued in close cooperation with the customer. Such projects at First Sensor have included such things as: • Mars camera • Laser guidance systems • Simulation tools • Nuclear radiation sensors The launch of the first European mission to Mars, Mars Express, was a particular highlight. Among the instruments on board Mars Express was the HRSC (High Resolution Stereo Camera) whose electronic system was completely designed and manufactured by First Sensor Lewicki GmbH. The HRSC is scheduled to map the entire surface of Mars in three dimensions. To do so, this camera can make out details measuring only two meters from an altitude of 250 kilometers. Aerospace Systems Image of the southern hemisphere of Mars acquired by the High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC) during Mars Express orbit 14,150. In the lower part of the image, the southern polar cap of Mars is visible; it consists of both water ice and frozen carbon dioxide. The darkest areas are accumulations of volcanic sand. © ESA/DLR/FU Berlin, CC BY-SA 3.0 IGO they can withstand even extreme environmental conditions. DFB lasers have been successfully used in NASA and ESA aerospace programs where they have been subjected to extensive qualification tests according to the MIL and other standards. Fascinating three-dimensional images of Mars were taken with the HRSC stereo camera developed in Berlin-Adlershof. The German Aerospace Center’s (DLR) Institute for Planetary Research operates the camera and analyses the image data. The extension of ESA’s oldest planetary mission through 2018 attests to the quality of this camera. Also the Philae lander from the Rosetta space probe that set down on the comet “Churyumov–Gerasimenko” in November 2014 was outfitted with instruments developed in Berlin: the ROLIS camera for multispectral imaging and the MUPUS thermal probe, which will measure the thermal conductivity of the comet. Moreover, the DLR Institute of Space Systems operates the System Conditioning department’s Space Simulation Chamber in Berlin-Adlershof. Their task is to test hardware for use in space. The DLR scientists from Berlin are not only involved in planning and preparing space missions, but also in executing those missions and in evaluating their scientific results. 1 | 1

Report 2014 – Analytic City Adlershof 61 6 Training and Continuing Education Programs

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