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28 Campus Charlottenburg

28 Campus Charlottenburg • Quality and Usability Lab • Security in Telecommunications • Service-centric Networking • Design Research • Assessment of IP-based Applications In addition, T-Labs maintain a network of start-ups in Germany, Israel and the Silicon Valley. Start-ups and Spin-offs in Charlottenburg PTB Observatory in Charlottenburg © PTB The PTB consists of 9 scientific-technical divisions, two of which are located in Berlin, subdivided into approximately 60 departments with more than 200 working groups. The two PTB divisions at the “Berlin Institute” deal with thermometry, radiometry, medical physics, mathematics and metrological information technology. In Adlershof, PTB operates the MLS (Metrology Light Source) electron storage ring for calibrating infrared (THz) to extreme ultraviolet (EUV) light and also utilizes the electron storage ring BESSY II. 1 The Telekom Innovation Laboratories (T-Labs) serve as a link between industry and research. They belong to the central research and development (R&D) unit of Deutsche Telekom. Together with Telekom’s operating units, T-Labs are mandated to offer new ideas and support in the development and implementation of innovative products, services and infrastructures for Telekom’s growth areas. In cooperation with TU Berlin and the University of the Arts Berlin (UdK), Telekom established five chairs in the fields of telecommunication: Campus Charlottenburg offers a diverse infrastructure for those interested in founding new companies. TU Berlin created the Center for Entrepreneurship for start-ups, to which both the start-up service and the Department of Entrepreneurship and Innovation Management are coupled. At the start-up service alone, there are two dozen consultants available to provide advice on a wide variety of issues ranging from the application process to mentorships. There are also a variety of services outside the university that are available to entrepreneurs in City West. The Charlottenburg Innovation Center (CHIC) is located in close proximity to the TU Berlin and the University of the Arts Berlin. In nearby Wedding, the Berlin Innovation and Start-up Center (BIG) became the first German center of its kind when it opened in 1983. In 1985, it was expanded to become the Technology and Innovation Park Berlin (TIB), the first technology park in Germany. More than 90 companies work in the renovated AEG machine factory complex (built in 1887-1905), in close proximity to the 14 research institutes of the TU Berlin and the Fraunhofer Gesellschaft. Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin and Charité are also within walking distance. These startup centers were organized by Innovations-Zentrum Berlin Management GmbH (IZBM), a subsidiary of the state-owned WISTA-MANAGEMENT GMBH. 2 | 1 2

The Southwest Berlin Technology Hub 29 4.4 The Southwest Berlin Technology Hub Southwest Berlin is an internationally recognized research hub. It is where the “Kaiser Wilhelm Society for the Advancement of Science” (Kaiser-Wilhelm-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der Wissenschaften), renamed the Max Planck Society in 1948, had its start. And it was here that Otto Hahn and Fritz Strassmann, working in their chemical institute in Dahlem, first demonstrated nuclear fission in 1938. The rich history represented by the city’s many museums, historic as well as contemporary architecture, and the very landscape of Berlin-Potsdam itself (listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site) mark the rich cultural life found in this area. The academic landscape includes the internationally renowned Freie Universität Berlin, with its 29,000 students, which, together with Humboldt-Universität Berlin, operates the Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin, the largest medical school and university hospital in Europe Other world-class institutions, such as the Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin for Materials and Energy, the Bundesanstalt for Materials Research and Testing as well as the Aspen Institute and the Secret State Archives Prussian Cultural Heritage Foundation, likewise contribute to the location’s international reputation. receiving recognition in all three funding programs. In 2012, it again demonstrated its achievements as part of the Excellence Initiative and is now ranked as one of Germany’s eleven “Universities of Excellence.” The Department of Physics at the FU Berlin traditionally focuses on basic research. Among the department’s current interests are solid-state and cluster physics, biophysics, and theoretical physics. This includes physical surfaces and their structures, the study of biologically significant molecules, investigating chemical reactions with rapid laser pulses, the application of mathematical models and the development of methods for multi-particle physics. The department has been focused for some time now on LIDAR, light detecting and ranging measurement of aerosols, ozone and summer smog. The research conducted by the working groups is overseen by 17 professors in experimental physics (11), theoretical physics (5) and physics education (1). Four special professorships, together with the HZB (formerly HMI) and/or the Max Born Institute, serve to broaden the range of topics under investigation to include nuclear physics, solar energy, and fast nonlinear processes on surfaces and solids. University Research Following the war and the partitioning of Berlin, the western part of the city no longer had a university of its own, since the former Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität was located in the Soviet sector. This led to the founding of the “Free University of Berlin”, Freie Universität Berlin (FU Berlin) in 1948. In the wake of German reunification in 1990, the FU Berlin sought to remake itself and increased its research activities. The number of graduates, successful doctoral candidates and publications also grew significantly. As a comprehensive university, the FU Berlin covers a wide range of subjects with more than 150 study programs in 12 departments and three central institutes. In 2007, FU Berlin was singled out for special recognition by the Excellence Initiative launched by federal and state governments. It was one of nine universities in Germany The Department of Veterinary Medicine at the FU Berlin is one of five institutions in Germany offering training to veterinarians. It is a well-known center of research in veterinary medicine. Founded in 1790, it is also the oldest veterinary institute. In 1958, a decision was made to erect a large hospital comIn 1958, a decision was made to erect a large hospital complex in this part of Berlin. The result was the “Steglitz Clinic” (Klinikum Steglitz), constructed in southern Berlin between 1959 and 1969. It was the first major hospital complex in Europe to incorporate all institutes, clinics, and lecture halls under one roof. For space reasons, however, individual institutes moved over time into old villas or new buildings located nearby. In honor of American support, the clinic was renamed “Universitätsklinikum Benja-

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