vor 4 Jahren

Cluster Report Transport, Mobility and Logistics in the Capital Region Berlin-Brandenburg

  • Text
  • Aerospace
  • Rail
  • Berlin
  • Mobility
  • Logistics
  • Automotive
  • Brandenburg

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6 | Cluster Report I Transport, Mobility and Logistics – A Strong Location With eScooters from COUP and Emmy, Berlin is the capital of electric scooter sharing, © COUP - A Strong Location Mobility is a basic need in modern society. It is a key driver of innovation and growth, creating a basis for our lives and commercial enterprise. The futurologist Matthias Horx even speaks of mobility as a megatrend, stating: “Hardly any other factor characterises life in a globalised society quite as much as mobility. It is an indispensable enabler. Mobility means movement, change, and adaptability on an individual and social level.” Nevertheless, mobility in its various forms and manifestations presents us with significant challenges. This is particularly evident in cities. They need to find solutions to the congested roads, impairments in air quality, and noise pollution caused by traffic. The European Union also confirmed this fact in its White Paper on the Single European Transport Area, which sets an ambitious target for 2030: “Urban traffic accounts for 25 percent of all transport-related CO 2 emissions and is responsible for 69 percent of all road accidents. The aim is to gradually lower the number of vehicles with conventional drive systems in order to reduce dependence on oil and cut greenhouse gas emissions, as well as local air and noise pollution. Essentially CO 2 -free urban logistics and an infrastructure to charge and refuel vehicles powered by alternative drive systems should be created in larger urban centres by 2030.” We are standing at a crossroads. ‘Business as usual’ is not a viable option. Faced with the needs of a growing number of urban inhabitants, many of whom no longer perceive car ownership as a status symbol, a paradigm switch is needed in the area of mobility. It is no longer a question of regional travel, the use of transport systems, or vehicle features. In the future, mobility will come to mean ‘sustainable mobility’, invoking terms such as new energy infrastructures and post-fossil mobility concepts. New developments such as the increasingly widespread use of electric drive systems and networked vehicles – along with a change in user habits – already present the opportunity to implement innovative mobility concepts. They have the potential to reduce congestion, noise, and pollution in urban areas and hence to improve the quality of life. The progressive digitalisation of our society is a key driver of this development, opening up new perspectives in the area of mobility. This applies not only to vehicles and infrastructures, but in particular to new mobility services and business models: Networked vehicle communication, car sharing models, smart transport systems and services, and virtual companies are all aspects of this development. Smartphones & co. already contribute to a significant reduction in personal dependence on vehicle ownership. Smartphones are increasingly becoming mobility managers that enable the use of on-demand transport services, allowing users to select the best means of transport in any given situation. The technology is built on comprehensive realtime data analysis, as well as location and information systems. But even if public debate is focused on road trans-

Cluster Report I Transport, Mobility and Logistics – A Strong Location | 7 port, digitalisation will also provide fresh opportunities for rail, air, and ship transport to increase efficiency, safety, and service quality. Through the looking glass: Testing autonomous driving in Schöneberg with ‘Olli’ and ‘Watson’ Visitors to the EUREF Campus in Schöneberg, where a driverless, electric minibus named ‘Olli’ transports employees and guests across the campus grounds, can already catch a glimpse of what the future of transport in cities like Berlin might look like. It is a pilot project by the US manufacturer Local Motors from Phoenix, Arizona, which has now also come to Berlin. Launched at the start of the year, the company is using the field trials to test the waters in automated urban mobility under near-realistic but protected conditions. “Every day is a learning experience for Olli. He is like a child that needs to be taught how to walk,” explains Prof. Andreas Knie, Managing Director at Innovationszentrum Mobilität und gesellschaftlicher Wandel GmbH (InnoZ), which is collaborating on the project together with Deutsche Bahn and the state of Berlin. Indeed, the capabilities of the shuttlebus have not simply been programmed: ‘Watson’, a cognitive computer system by IBM, is what makes it smart. Olli obtains a slew of data from the over 30 sensors installed on the vehicle, which it then analyses continuously to enhance its capabilities. It does not merely respond to its environment or learn how to recognise other road users. Instead it also reacts to its passengers. For instance, Watson allows Olli to understand and answer questions. Olli explains to the passengers how the vehicle works or responds to requests like: “Olli, can you drive me to the city centre?”, “Where can I find the best pizza?”, or “Will we be there soon?” Operating as a ‘people mover’, the minibus will contribute to closing the gaps in the local public transport network and to significantly improving accessibility and comfort for passengers. In this respect, the overarching goal is to reduce personal vehicle use and therefore to make transport safer, cleaner, and quicker. Increasing numbers of municipalities and major employers are currently recognising the benefits of autonomous buses, and in some cases are incorporating the technology in their regional and corporate mobility management systems. The minibus is also manufactured to “Olli” the electric, self-driving bus at the EUREF Campus, © InnoZ high environmental standards. At least half of the components are produced using a 3-D printer. Production takes place in small factories and low unit numbers, always to meet current requirements. This kind of in-house manufacturing in micro-factories is currently being established in Berlin. Local Motors intends to use the facility to develop its European business. Local Motors picked Berlin as its only European location due to the general conditions that the start-up finds in the German capital. It is imperative for companies like Local Motors to test the road capability and acceptance of new smart mobility technologies and services as the only way for them to reach market maturity. “The German counterpart to Silicon Valley in America, Berlin is an outstanding location due to the availability of test sites for autonomous driving and the market demand for multimodal mobility,” says Wolfgang Bern, CEO at Local Motors Berlin. Faced with the technical challenges of urban mobility, the expanding capital city metropolis is indeed already a largescale field testing laboratory with varied and manifold touch points to pilot projects in the area of sustainable and smart mobility. Gernot Lobenberg, director of the Berlin Agency for Electromobility eMO, confirms this fact: “There is no other city with so many different mobility services. We also have numerous companies and research institutions in the fields of mobility here in the city. Our local public transport network is among the best in the world, and there are over 100 innovative mobility projects. We also lead the field in the area of car and scooter sharing. Taken together, the city therefore possesses an immense depth of innovative power and bright ideas.” eMO and Cluster Management for Transport, Mobility and Logistics have launched the initiative ‘Intelligent Mobility in Berlin-Brandenburg’ to help companies like Local Motors

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