vor 6 Jahren

Cluster Report Photonics in the Capital Region Berlin-Brandenburg

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82 Cluster Report Optics and Photonics – Research & Industry | Microelectronics and Microsystems Technology 2.6 Microelectronics and Microsystems Technology – the Backbone of Innovations “Only few industries have developed as rapidly as microsystems technology in recent years. High-performance miniaturised electronics have triggered the digital revolution and opened up new fields of application in sensor technology. With innovative, energy-efficient, and cost-effective products made in Berlin Brandenburg, we are pushing national and international developments in automotive, medical, and communications technology.” Peter Krause | Spokesperson Focus Area Microelectronics and Microsystems Technology, Prignitz Mikrosystemtechnik GmbH When we think today about the next steps in industrial development, terms such as the Internet of Things (IoT), Industry 4.0, cyber physical systems, and Smart-X pepper are discussed in Germany. All approaches are based on the idea of using sensors and actuators to connect the real, physical world with the virtual, in which software-based data processing and information storage take place. Microsystems technology is providing the essential building blocks for these developments. Through distributed and networked process controls, data acquisition and processing, completely new concepts for the collection, provision, and evaluation of machine, process, or service data are possible. The McKinsey Global Institute (MGI) has said that the so-called Internet of Things, i.e. the intelligent networking of devices and machines via the Internet, might create as much as 11 trillion euros in added value to the global economy by 2025. PricewaterhouseCoopers agrees with this assertion and sees an economic potential of 3.4 trillion euros in production alone through Industry 4.0 applications, as a result of higher productivity, greater energy efficiency, and more secure jobs. The industry association BITKOM does not agree with the assessment in every respect, but nevertheless a trend toward massive technological change is accepted. Such considerations often neglect where the data comes from and how it is fed into the network and preprocessed. Usually, there is an implicit understanding that miniaturised, multifunctional, and autonomously operating electronic systems will process these data. As “smart systems” they will also have an effect on the systems they control. Because only these are able to produce the necessary interface (hardware and software) between the physical and digital worlds. For this to be possible, electronics and microsystems technology products must be extremely versatile and miniaturised as well as robust and durable. There is another new aspect: future electronics will increasingly be integrated into application systems. The time of separate, retrofitted components is being replaced by fully integrated electronics adapted to the application system. This complete integration into the receiving system combined with extended functionality, extreme miniaturisation, robustness, and longevity is making electronic systems even more complex to design. What is now required are integration technologies that can cope with the constantly increasing requirements in terms of smallest sizes, low power dissipation, large frequency ranges, high reliability at low production costs, and even when production runs only moderate. Berlin Brandenburg, home to so many high-quality, relevant institutions and companies at all stages of the value chain, are an ideal location for such developments. From research to system integrator A close cooperation of all partners from the different technical fields using the surrounding research infrastructure is indispensable for such innovations. Berlin Brandenburg offer excellent conditions for this to happen. With the technical universities of applied sciences in Berlin, Wildau and Cottbus-Senftenberg, the strong computer science programmes at FU Berlin, HU Berlin, and the University of Potsdam, plus the internationally recognised, non-university institutes of the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft, the Leibniz Association, and BAM, the region is home to an almost unique density of quality and quantity. On the industrial side, Berlin Brandenburg are internationally renowned for the development and manufacture of components such as sensors, actuators, and the associated signal processing. The international reputation is constantly strengthened by the activities of such companies as First Sensor, Pepperl + Fuchs, EPCOS, and the Baumer Group. The region has traditionally been strong in system integrators, i.e. companies that integrate sensors and actuators into a single measuring system.

Cluster Report Optics and Photonics – Microelectronics and Microsystems Technology 83 Regarding SMEs, there are many of the so-called “hidden champions” active in these industries. Companies such as IMC Messtechnik, Prignitz Mikrosystemtechnik, GED Electronic Design, DResearch, and ESYS may only be mostly known to experts in the field, but they are no less innovative. These companies are complemented by suppliers of materials, printed circuit boards, and packaging services such as micro resist technology, PacTech, hmp Heidenhain Mikroprint, Contag, and AEMtec. Software plays an important role in the Internet of Things. The companies mentioned above are stimulating rapid development in this area with approx. 500 start-ups per year. As a start-up stronghold in Europe, the region is thus on a par with London and Paris. In addition, there are development centres for such leading international companies as SAP, Bosch, and Software AG. Small systems for large industries: the Internet of Things The Internet of Things means that technology providers and users, new and old economies, and hardware and software must all work closely together. The companies mentioned above can rely on a strong industry in the fields of traffic engineering (Bombardier, BMW, Daimler-Benz), control and regulation technology (Hosch, Kieback & Peter), mechanical and plant engineering (Hielscher, Specs), energy technology (Siemens), medical technology (Biotronik, Otto Bock), aerospace technology (Rolls-Royce), security technology (Bundesdruckerei), and logistics (Deutsche Bahn), which are increasingly focusing on technically sophisticated products and integrated services and integrating electronics and IT into their products. All the players in the region are creating electronic components, intelligent firmware, and new architectures that will lead to disruptive innovations at all levels of the Internet of Things, with focus on the needs of industry, such as in the field of autarkic microsystems: • robust and maintenance-free (no battery changes during lifetime) • latency requirements as low as 1 ms • security comparable to wired sensors • robust, energy-efficient data transmission • reliable even under industrial environmental conditions and requiring minimal additional infrastructure (cable laying) Microsystems unite the Scientific Disciplines in the Region The great strength of the Berlin Brandenburg region is its networking. And it is particularly valuable in microsystems technology: more than 20 institutions here are conducting research in the various fields of microsystems technology. In Berlin, these include BAM, the Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin with the electron storage ring BESSY, the Leibniz Institutes FBH and IKZ, the Fraunhofer Institutes IZM and IPK, as well as institutes of the TU and HU Berlin. In Brandenburg the institutions are closely networked in the region and beyond. The universities in Cottbus, Senftenberg, Potsdam, Wildau, and Brandenburg are also actively involved in new developments. In addition, there are various institutes of the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft and Leibniz Association which help create a vital research landscape. Major projects in collaboration The four Fraunhofer Institutes FOKUS, HHI, IPK, and IZM have joined forces to form the Berlin Center for Digital Transformation. They are bundling their respective expertise in the fields of information and communication technologies (ICT), data processing, production, and microelectronics. Industrial partners and public institutions have the opportunity to cooperate with the participating Fraunhofer Institutes within the framework of research projects. The centre is developing technologies and solutions designed to further increase digitalisation and networking in all areas of life. It conducts research on enabling and cross-sectional technologies for applications in networked industry and production, networked mobility & future city, networked health & medicine, and networked critical infrastructures and energy. In the Research Fab Microelectronics Germany (FMD) eleven institutes within the Fraunhofer Group for Microelectronics cooperate together with the IHP – Innovations for High Performance Microelectronics and the Ferdinand- Braun-Institut, Leibniz-Institut fuer Hoechstfrequenztechnik (FBH). The participating research institutions will receive a total funding of around 350 million euros from the Federal Ministry of Education and Research for the modernisation and expansion of their facilities and equipment. Already 117 million euros will come to Berlin, to the

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