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30 The Southwest

30 The Southwest Berlin Technology Hub The services provided by the FEM are available both to the Charité as well as to a limited extent to external users such as other universities and companies. Non-University Research Campus Benjamin Franklin (Charité) © Charité Universitätsklinikum Berlin min Franklin” (UKBF, Benjamin Franklin University Clinic). It had about 1200 beds and 36 scientific facilities. In 2003, UKBF merged with Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin (Charité) and is now known as Campus Benjamin Franklin (CBF). Charité is a joint medical department of the Freie Universität Berlin and the Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin. 1 BerlinProtonen, the center for proton eye tumor therapy at Charité, is among the special institutes located at CBF. Proton irradiation is carried out in cooperation with Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin at the latter’s proton accelerator in Berlin-Wannsee. BerlinProtonen is a member of the Charité Comprehensive Cancer Center (CCCC). Charité also includes the Research Institutes for Experimental Medicine (FEM). The institutes have multiple roles, such as serving as the central site for breeding lab animals and for organizing animal imports and exports, overseeing animal welfare and providing veterinary services. They also have responsibilities with respect to genetic engineering, large animal surgery, transgenic techniques as well as training and education in the fields of laboratory animal science and animal welfare. By virtue of its historical development, the Southwest Berlin technology hub also serves as home to a wide variety of non-university research institutes. In addition to the four Max Planck Society institutes, there are also several federal institutes, the Zuse Institute Berlin (ZIB), as well as BAM and part of the Helmholtz Center Berlin (HZB, formerly the Hahn-Meitner Institute). Among the institutes associated with the Max Planck Society, the Fritz-Haber Institute (FHI) is the oldest. Dedicated to basic research, this institute was formed from the former Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Physical Chemistry and Electrochemistry in Berlin-Dahlem. Research here is focused on understanding catalytic processes at the molecular level as well as on molecular physics. The Institute currently consists of five departments (Inorganic Chemistry, Chemical Physics, Molecular Physics, Physical Chemistry and Theory). In 2013 the FHI acquired its own Free Electron Laser (FEL) where work can be carried out at 6 workstations at wavelengths ranging between 4 and 48 microns. Research at the Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics (MPIMG) concentrates on genome analysis of human beings and other organisms. The goal is to contribute to a better understanding of the biological processes in living organisms and to investigate the mechanisms associated with many human diseases. Together, MPIMG research groups attempt to gain new insights into the development of diseases at the molecular level, thus contributing to the development of new, disease-specific treatments. 1

The Southwest Berlin Technology Hub 31 New Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics building © Andreas Muhs Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing (BAM) © BAM The Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR) is an independent scientific institution that assesses health risks for consumers and draws up recommendations for risk reduction. BfR results and recommendations serve as an aid to all interested parties in planning and choosing specific measures. Key activities include: • Developing sensitive, state-of-the-art detection methods • Compiling data for the purpose of risk analysis for exposure assessments • Identifying, detecting and mitigating risks • Evaluating, developing and validating alternative and complementary methods to animal testing • Communicating and perceiving risks The second national Institute in Southwest Berlin is the Julius Kühn Institute (JKI). The JKI is the national research center for cultivated plants in Germany and an autonomous primary federal authority directly accountable to the Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture (BMEL). JKI specializes in issues relating to genetics and breeding research, as well as the protection and health of cultivated plants. BAM with the objective of promoting the development of safety in technology and chemistry. Within the interconnected fields of materials, chemistry, environment and safety, BAM focuses in particular on: • Regulatory functions relating to technical safety in the public domain, especially as regards dangerous materials and substances • Collaboration in developing statutory regulations, for example with respect to safety standards and threshold values • Advising the Federal Government, industry as well as domestic and international organizations on materials technology and chemistry • Developing and providing reference materials and methods, in particular for chemical analysis and materials testing • Assisting in the development of standards and technical regulations for the evaluation of substances, materials, structures and processes with reference to damage prediction and preservation of national economic values At BAM, a variety of analytical methods are employed, drawn in particular from the fields of materials testing and analytical chemistry. One Berlin institution able to look back a long history is the Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing (BAM). Materials research and testing are carried out at The Helmholtz Center Berlin for Materials and Energy (HZB) operates two separate large-scale research facilities in Wannsee and Adlershof – the neutron source BER II and the synchrotron radiation source BESSY II (see Chapter 4.1) – both for basic research in physics. BER II is the core of the institute, which was founded in

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