16 History of Optical Analysis in Berlin-Brandenburg Outside Adlershof and also representative of the Capitol region’s history in laser development as well as optical measurement is the Laser- und Medizin-Technologie GmbH, Berlin (LMTB), that emerged in 1995 from the Laser-Medizin-Zentrum (LMZ) founded in 1985 and the Festkörper-Laser-Institut (FLI) founded in 1986 as an affiliated institute of the TU Berlin. Support by medical and optical companies with the goal of the development of laser therapies and diagnostics, LMTB has worked in collaboration with all three universities in Berlin and serves as an interface institution between research and industry focusing on biomedical optics in medical technology and applied laser technology. Center for Photonics and Optical Technologies (2015) © WISTA-MANAGEMENT GMBH marketing its products world-wide. Since 2008 it is a wholly family-owned business with more than 30 employees in 2014. LLA focuses in imaging spectroscopic measuring technology and is especially well known for its near-infrared spectroscopy used in waste sorting facilities and in food quality control. In 2014, the company had more than 20 employees and was able to secure a global niche market thanks to its synthetics identification technology. The innovation-friendly climate in Adlershof has continuously generated start-up and spin-off companies. More examples are, LayTec AG (a TU Berlin spin-off established in October 1999), which has been a leading manufacturer of integratable measurement technology for thin film processes; as well as the many FBH spin-off companies (e.g. TESAG AG 1999, now part of Jenoptic Diode Lab GmbH, eagleyard Photonics GmbH 2002, Brilliance Fab and Beaplas GmbH 2013). The broad research and business landscape associated with optical measuring technology in Berlin-Adlershof has a magnetic effect on large corporations and renowned scientists. The driving force behind the international character of the Berlin area has been BESSY II, inaugurated in 1998. This new synchrotron radiation generator provides unique research conditions and is operated by the Helmholtz-Center Berlin (Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin – HZB), created in January 2009 from BESSY and HMI. It is owing to this favorable combination of circumstances that Berlin-Brandenburg continues to welcome research institutes and companies, such as the Leibniz-Institute for Analytical Sciences – ISAS – e.V., which was founded in 1952 in Dortmund and has been operating a branch in Adlershof since 1992; as well as Raytek, which established its European head-quarters here and specializes in optical temperature measurement. Major corporations also monitor developments closely and have sought to secure their positions through acquisitions (e.g. Röntec AG by Bruker in 2005 and u2t AG by Finisar in 2014), thereby participating in the potential the region has to offer. Lastly, it should be noted that Berlin-Brandenburg is able to look back on a rich tradition of optical analysis, which has found expression and still continues to be expressed through efficient technologies, research institutes, universities and business ventures. Some technological methodologies, such as X-ray analysis and laser optics, have proven successful over decades, thus ensuring success for generations – an example being family-owned Schmidt+Haensch, which celebrated its 150th anniversary in 2014. Berlin’s potential, grounded in experience, was reaf-firmed through the successful transformation of numerous East German institutions. The history of optical analysis in Berlin-Brandenburg can therefore be considered an intra-German success story. Special thanks to Dr. Frank Lerch, Michael Graurock, Dr. Stefan Florek, Prof. Dr. Norbert Esser, as well as Dr. Stephan Mory and Prof. Dr. Hans. J. Eichler for their advice and friendly support with the research for this article.
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