A Region Full of Energy The Capital region is full of energy. In Berlin and Brandenburg, some 6,300 companies with over 53,000 employees generate revenue of over 28 billion euros. Numerous research facilities, universities, and institutions of higher education provide first-class research and teaching in all areas of energy technology. Brandenburg is one of the world’s leading regions in the expansion and system integration of renewable energy. As a capital of digitization, Berlin is giving an important boost to the continuation of the energy transition, which is increasingly based on networking, sector coupling, and new business models. EUREF-Campus in Berlin In terms of wind energy, Brandenburg is the third largest State in the country with an installed capacity of 6,400 MW. Here, however, not only wind turbines deliver electricity. Systems and components, in particular rotor blades, towers, and their interior fittings are also being developed, produced, and supplied by renowned players. Rotor blades have been manufactured for Vestas wind turbines in the megawatt range at the Lauchhammer site in southern Brandenburg for more than 15 years. Bioenergy also plays an important role in its application as well as in research and development. A large number of companies and research facilities are working together on solutions in the field of agroforest systems and algae research as well as biogas and biofuels. Brandenburg is also one of the largest biofuel producers in Germany. Energy grids and storage systems A critical success factor for the energy transition is the grid integration of renewables with the help of (micro) smart grids, storage solutions, load management, and sector coupling. A lot of innovations are from the region: In September 2014, Europe’s first commercial battery power plant, which Renewable energy In regard to the number of inhabitants, Brandenburg, with an installed capacity of more than 1.3 kilowatts per capita, is the front-runner in solar power generation in Germany. Germany’s three largest solar farms are also here: the Senftenberg solar farm with 168 MW, the Neuhardenberg solar farm with 145 MW, and the Gross Dölln solar farm with 128 MW. Share of feed-in from renewable energy in consumption (50Hertz control zone) 100 % 80 % Objective of the Federal Government in relation to all of Germany for the time horizon until 2050 2050 min. 80 % Berlin is an important solar research location. The infrastructure for research and development in the field of solar energy generation (in the form of electricity and hydrogen) is unique in the capital region. It ranges from basic research in the new EMIL laboratory at the Bessy II synchrotron to application-oriented technology development at the Helmholtz Zentrum Berlin. »Berlin and Brandenburg are among the most exciting economic regions in general. There is a great deal of potential here.« Dr. Frank Büchner Head of Energy Management Division, Siemens Germany 60 % 40 % 20 % 2016 2025 2035 2035 min. 55 % 2025 min. 40 % Northeastern Germany is already significantly surpassing national expansion targets and will continue to be a pioneer in the future. Source: GridLab
Micro gas turbine from Aurelia Turbines was developed by the Berlin company Younicos, went into operation. The fully automatic system with 5 MW of lithiumion storage stabilizes short-term fluctuations of the power line frequency with control power. Additional battery storage projects are running at the solar farm in Alt Daber and in the energy self-sufficient village of Feldheim in Brandenburg. The world’s first hybrid power plant, which produces hydrogen as well as electricity and heat, is operated by ENERTRAG in Prenzlau. Since 2013, E.ON has been testing the power-togas technology in a pilot plant in Falkenhagen. On the EUREF-Campus in Schöneberg, a Micro Smart Grid (MSG) has been linking different energy sources, consumers, and storage facilities since 2011. In addition to wind and photovoltaic systems, a cogeneration unit and two large storage units, as well as charging stations for electric vehicles are components of the networked system. In Brandenburg, BTU Cottbus-Senftenberg operates a test field for intelligent energy networks. The model systems with network control center, a power-to-heat system and an adsorption refrigeration system, as well as electromobility and grid-friendly charging infrastructure solutions are part of the campus’ own Smart Grid and the research network SMART Capital Region of BTU. All in all, an energy supply system is being set up in Berlin- Brandenburg with increasingly decentralized, fluctuating power feeders as well as smart control of generators and consumers. The safeguarding of this smart grid infrastructure is pursued through the development and deployment of innovative IT technologies and services and will increase the resilience of energy grids. Since 2017, the WindNODE consortium has been developing a digital infrastructure for the next stage of the energy transition. 50Hertz headquarters in Berlin Turbomachinery and power plant engineering The capital region offers a globally unique concentration of important players in the field of turbomachinery and power plant technology. It has the highest density of turbomachinery manufacturers in all of Europe with a long tradition. The first steam turbines were already manufactured at the beginning of the second half of the 19th century. Five major companies – Siemens, GE Power Systems, MAN Diesel & Turbo, MTU Maintenance, and Rolls-Royce – form a complete value added chain from research and development, via production, through to design, planning, installation, as well as MRO (maintenance, repair, and overhaul). The turbines produced are among the world leaders in terms of performance and efficiency. Smart Energy Showcase – WindNODE Berlin-Brandenburg is at the center of a large-scale project within the funding program „Smart Energy Showcases – Digital Agenda for the Energy Transition“ (SINTEG) of the German Federal Ministry of Economics and Energy. With a total of more than 50 consortium partners in the six new Federal States, WindNODE shows that the energy transition can be technologically and economically successful. The decisive factor is that if wind and solar supply it, the power can be used wisely or stored efficiently, even if the majority is renewables. In nine work packages (demonstrators) and 50 individual projects, innovative applications are tested at all levels of the networked energy system and combined to form an overall model. In addition to a powerful ICT platform, important elements include flexible energy users such as cold storage units, heat storage, or electric vehicles and smart home applications. The focus is on power customers and small generators. They are provided with tools and information that help them to actively stabilize the system and thus help to shape the energy transition.