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Cluster Report Photonics in the Capital Region Berlin-Brandenburg

  • Text
  • Imaging
  • Photonics
  • Berlin
  • Optical
  • Laser
  • Technologies
  • Optics
  • Microsystems
  • Components
  • Brandenburg

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74 Cluster Report Optics and Photonics – Microsystems Technology Regarding SMEs, there are many of the so-called “hidden champions” active in these industries. Companies such as IMC Messtechnik, Prignitz Mikrosystemtechnik, GED Electronic Design, DResearch, and ESYS may only be mostly known to experts in the field, but they are no less innovative. These companies are complemented by suppliers of materials, printed circuit boards, and packaging services such as micro resist technology, PacTech, hmp Heidenhain Mikroprint, Contag, and AEMtec. Software plays an important role in the Internet of Things. The companies mentioned above are stimulating rapid development in this area with approx. 500 start-ups per year. As a start-up stronghold in Europe, the region is thus on a par with London and Paris. In addition, there are development centres for such leading international companies as SAP, Bosch, and Software AG. Small systems for large industries: the Internet of Things The Internet of Things means that technology providers and users, new and old economies, and hardware and software must all work closely together. The companies mentioned above can rely on a strong industry in the fields of traffic engineering (Bombardier, BMW, Daimler-Benz), control and regulation technology (Hosch, Kieback & Peter), mechanical and plant engineering (Hielscher, Specs), energy technology (Siemens), medical technology (Biotronik, Otto Bock), aerospace technology (Rolls-Royce), security technology (Bundesdruckerei), and logistics (Deutsche Bahn), which are increasingly focusing on technically sophisticated products and integrated services and integrating electronics and IT into their products. All the players in the region are creating electronic components, intelligent firmware, and new architectures that will lead to disruptive innovations at all levels of the Internet of Things, with focus on the needs of industry, such as in the field of autarkic microsystems: • robust and maintenance-free (no battery changes during lifetime) • latency requirements as low as 1 ms • security comparable to wired sensors • robust, energy-efficient data transmission • reliable even under industrial environmental conditions and requiring minimal additional infrastructure (cable laying) Microsystems Unite the Scientific Disciplines in the Region The great strength of the Berlin Brandenburg region is its networking. And it is particularly valuable in microsystems technology: more than 20 institutions here are conducting research in the various fields of microsystems technology. In Berlin, these include BAM, the Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin with the electron storage ring BESSY, the Leibniz Institutes FBH and IKZ, the Fraunhofer Institutes IZM and IPK, as well as institutes of the TU and HU Berlin. In Brandenburg the institutions are closely networked in the region and beyond. The universities in Cottbus, Senftenberg, Potsdam, Wildau, and Brandenburg are also actively involved in new developments. In addition, there are various institutes of the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft and Leibniz Association which help create a vital research landscape. Major projects in collaboration The four Fraunhofer Institutes FOKUS, HHI, IPK, and IZM have joined forces to form the Berlin Center for Digital Transformation. They are bundling their respective expertise in the fields of information and communication technologies (ICT), data processing, production, and microelectronics. Industrial partners and public institutions have the opportunity to cooperate with the participating Fraunhofer Institutes within the framework of research projects. The centre is developing technologies and solutions designed to further increase digitalisation and networking in all areas of life. It conducts research on enabling and cross-sectional technologies for applications in networked industry and production, networked mobility & future city, networked health & medicine, and networked critical infrastructures and energy. www.digitale-vernetzung.org/en.html In the Research Fab Microelectronics Germany (FMD) eleven institutes within the Fraunhofer Group for Microelectronics cooperate together with the IHP – Innovations for High Performance Microelectronics and the Ferdinand- Braun-Institut, Leibniz-Institut fuer Hoechstfrequenztechnik (FBH). The participating research institutions will receive a total funding of around 350 million euros from the Federal Ministry of Education and Research for the modernisation and expansion of their facilities and equipment. Already 117 million euros will come to Berlin, to the

Cluster Report Optics and Photonics – Microsystems Technology 75 Fraunhofer IZM and Fraunhofer HHI, and Brandenburg, to the IHP. This makes the region the most important location for FMD alongside Dresden. The research factory concept jointly developed by the Fraunhofer Institutes and the Leibniz Association envisages combining technological capabilities in a joint technology pool, coordinating to close equipment gaps, and adapting important laboratory lines for microelectronic technologies to changing technologies. In order to advance research topics in a targeted manner, FMD is organised into four technology parks: silicon-based technologies, compound semiconductors, heterointegration, and design, test and reliability. www.forschungsfabrik-mikroelektronik.de/en.html grafox.pdi-berlin.de Integrating materials science, physics, chemistry, electrical engineering, computer science, and precision engineering – microsystems technology is a research field in which many disciplines come together. At TU Berlin, there are several chairs related to microsystems technology in the Institute for High Frequency and Semiconductor System Technologies (Faculty IV). In March 2018, for example, a professorship in silicon photonics was newly created with Dr. Lars Zimmermann as its chair. He also heads the Silicon Photonics Group at IHP in Frankfurt (Oder). He is also the scientific coordinator of the Joint Lab Silicon Photonics, which is jointly operated by TU and IHP. With its support for the Leibniz Science Campus Growth and Fundamentals of Oxides (GraFOx), the Leibniz Association is setting a clear course for fundamental research into semiconducting oxides, which are particularly suitable for the development of novel (opto-)electronic components and energy applications with outstanding performance capabilities – such as transistors for switching high voltages in power electronics, UV detectors, or memory devices. www.eecs.tu-berlin.de/menue/einrichtungen/institute/ihh/ parameter/en/ GraFOx is coordinated by the Paul-Drude-Institut für Festkörperelektronik (PDI), a Leibniz Institute within the Forschungsverbund Berlin e. V. (Berlin Research Association). Other partners include the Leibniz Institute for Crystal Growth (IKZ), also part of the research network, the Fritz- Haber-Institute (FHI) of the Max Planck Society for the Advancement of Science, Humboldt University Berlin, and Technical University Berlin. Gallium oxide sample on chip holder for electrical characterisation © PDI Prof. Dr. Johanna Wanka, Federal Minister of Education and Research, at the opening of the FMD © BMBF, Hans-Joachim Rickel Research and industry In September 2017, Dresden and Cottbus were pleased when the Dresden-based Fraunhofer Institute for Photonic Microsystems IPMS received a positive evaluation for its Fraunhofer Project Group “Mesoscopic Actuators and Systems (MESYS)”. The Fraunhofer project group, which is active in Dresden and Cottbus at the Brandenburg University of Technology Cottbus-Senftenberg (BTU), is led by Prof. Harald Schenk. He is also director of Fraunhofer IPMS and endowed chair of micro- and nanosystems at BTU.

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