Aufrufe
vor 1 Jahr

Cluster Report Photonics in the Capital Region Berlin-Brandenburg

  • Text
  • Imaging
  • Photonics
  • Berlin
  • Optical
  • Laser
  • Technologies
  • Optics
  • Microsystems
  • Components
  • Brandenburg

5.1.2

5.1.2 Lighting Technology City of light Frank Lerch, Gerrit Rössler, Kai Kolwitz These are exciting times for those who deal professionally with light. The industry is changing: Traditional light sources such as light bulbs are taking a back seat; new technologies based on semiconductors conquer more and more new application areas. Lighting technology is an emerging technology with significant growth rate and high export rate. Annual turnover in Germany for lamps and lights has reached about six billion Euros. Berlin-Brandenburg is one of the regions that shine most brightly: About 3,000 people are working in this industry. Quite a few of them earn their money with the development of future light sources. Where should this be better possible than in a region among the first world-wide where a flip of a switch was all that’s needed to let there be light? Illuminating cities around the world Berlin was a pioneer in electric lighting. Thus, it is hardly surprising that well-known designers and manufacturers of lighting fixtures and lighting systems are among the assets of lighting technology in this area. For example Selux: The portfolio of the company ranges from faithful reproductions of historical models to extravagant shapes and designs for exterior and interior lighting. With over 480 employees worldwide, they produce light fixtures and create concepts and designs for public spaces and business premises. “City of Light” with a long tradition Just as optical technology in general, lighting technology also has a long tradition in the capital region (cf. chapter 3). Already in the middle of the 19th century, companies in Berlin successfully produced lighting for gas and petroleum operations. At the beginning of the 20th century, the originally called “Telegraphen Bau-Anstalt von Siemens & Halske” entered the lighting business in which electricity-based solutions began to increasingly dominate. One of their biggest competitors, the Deutsche Gasglühlicht AG, founded by Carl Baron Auer of Welsbach, specialized in the production of gas bulbs with osmium filaments and also had its seat in Berlin. After World War I, the two competitors merged. Together with AEG, they linked their activities concerning light into a company that is still active at this location: Osram. The name is an amalgamation of “Osmium” and “Tungsten” (the latter is called Wolfram in German), two commonly used materials for lamp filaments. Osram has subsequently developed into a global player in terms of light, a position still held by the company today. Osram is now a 100% subsidiary of Siemens. Yet, Berlin is still one of the largest Osram sites and the home of their “Specialty Lighting”: In Spandau, high intensity discharge and other special lamps are produced, for example for projectors, shop windows, streets lights, or studios and film set lighting, for which Osram was twice awarded an Oscar. Also, LEDs for special applications and xenon lamps for car lighting are produced in the plant in Nonnendammallee. In addition to development and production, there are marketing and sales departments, a logistics center and an inhouse special machine development. With more than 1,600 employees, Osram is among the largest employers in the city. Light lines without any interruptions, School of American Ballet, New York © Selux AG Selux lights shine in Beverly Hills just as well as on London's Oxford Street or in the School of American Ballet in New York. They reproduced the historic Hardenberg candelabra for the Kurfürstendamm and the Schupmann candelabra at the Brandenburg Gate. Selux products also provide light for the German Chancellor's Office as well as the Harley-Davidson Museum in Milwaukee, USA. Selux recently presented together with the new media design studio Art+Com the first results of their exploration into kinetic luminaires – a OLED-based fixture named Manta Rhei. Its 1.2m x 2.4m body housing 140 paper-thin Tridonic OLED modules combines light scenes and movement patterns into a series of designed individual choreographies. Thanks to the use of custombuilt intelligent control technology the overall quantity of light emitted from the fixture remains constant. The fixture consists of individual modules and is freely scalable; additionally the user can select from a wide range of pre-programmed choreographies with the help of a tablet PC, so that the light mood can be adjusted to suit any space or occasion. By the way, the company name originates from the Berlin history: Selux, formerly Semperlux, was founded in 1948 and initially pro 46

5.1.2 Lighting Technology But Kardorff and Dinnebier are only two of many great names from Berlin-Brandenburg. For example, Light-Vision Design & Engineering created the rainbow design of the Sony Center at Potsdamer Platz, as well as concepts for AIDA Cruise Ships and the old Berlin building of Universal Music. Current projects of Licht Kunst Licht range from the Telecom Bridge in Bonn to the ThyssenKrupp Quarter in Essen. L-Plan Lichtplanung creates lighting concepts for the Berlin building of the Federal Council of Germany as well as for the Veer Towers in Las Vegas. Kinetic OLED-lamp Manta Rhei © Selux AG duced batteries which were supposed to help against power cuts during the Berlin Blockade. The Latin “semper lux” means “always light”. The Franz Sill GmbH is active in a similar field. The company was founded in 1954 and their lighting systems and spotlights illuminate icons of Berlin such as the Brandenburg Gate and the Victory Column, as well as the Plenary Hall of the European Council in Strasbourg or the Nelson Mandela Bridge in Johannesburg. From Berlin, about 120 employees produce and sell a wide range of lighting products, including high performance headlights and spotlights, LED spotlight, interior lamps, recessed spotlights or industrial lighting. The company Berlux Leuchten is another Berlin-Brandenburg lighting manufacturer, which was taken over in 1989 by the RIDI group from Baden-Württemberg. In Zeuthen, they produce strip lights, downlights and diffusors, and they also produce components for other RIDI plants. Hellux Construktions-Licht GmbH is another Berlin company with a long tradition, founded already in 1891. At their plant in Laatzen and at their light manufacturing facility in Berlin in Nunsdorfer Street, they produce technical and decorative lamps and lanterns, light stacks, and other lighting for roads and railways, which are used throughout Europe. The Veolia subsidiary Citelum designs, operates and maintains public lighting as well as signal and traffic control technology. At the center of the semiconductor revolution Lighting technology is undergoing a transformation which is almost a revolution: traditional sources like incandescent and discharge lamps are increasingly replaced by light produced by means of semiconductors. Mostly LEDs and their relatives, organic LEDs are the center of attention. They offer high energy efficiency, wide color range, stability, long life, brilliance and completely new design possibilities. A number of companies and research institutions in Berlin-Brandenburg are working on this change: PlasmaChem GmbH based in Berlin-Adlershof, for example, works on fundamentals. They specialize in nano-materials, plasma and ultra-thin-film technologies and research tiny semiconductor crystals, so-called quantum dots. These are capable of absorbing light of a particular wavelength and reemit that of another wavelength - tunable to the desired light color. PlasmaChem recently developed a synthesis of super-stable quantum dots and the associated matrix converter. Through this technology, for example, truly green LEDs with a wavelength of 555 nanometers would be possible. Berlin-Brandenburg globally provides atmosphere In recent years, Berlin has developed into one of the world's design capitals. Many creative people, industrial designers and lighting designers are also active in the field of lighting design, and make Berlin a center of these activities. The employees of Kardoff Ingenieure Lichtplanung create lighting concepts for museums, shopping malls, bars, office buildings and other public places. For example, Kardorff produced the lighting concepts for the Dubai Sports City, the Beijing Automobile Museum or the Transparent Factory of Volkswagen in Dresden - and not least for the Brandenburg Gate. Studio Dinnebier specializes in the design of and with light: They deal with lighting planning and product design of fixtures. Stars of the international architectural scene like using the services of this Berlin company. Their list of references includes Daniel Libeskind, Norman Foster, Tabanlioglu Architects and Sunder-Plassmann Architects. Lumi-Con dimmer © Lumi-Con Beleuchtungstechnik Lumi-Con, on the other hand, is specialized in dimming of LED lighting. They develop and produce their own dimmers, controllers and the matching highly efficient LED fixtures, and lamps for domestic and commercial use. FutureLED GmbH already has the new lamps in its name. The young Berlin-based company specializes in special light sources for industrial and medical applications. The company develops and manufactures LED light sources and emitter modules that operate in the wavelength range of 280-1,600 nm, which not only covers the visible but also the ultraviolet and infrared regions. 47

Publications in English

Publikationen auf deutsch

Clusterreport Verkehr, Mobilität und Logistik
Schienenverkehrstechnik
Verkehrstelematik
Logistik
Automotive in der Hauptstadtregion Berlin-Brandenburg
Aerospace Industrie
Biotech- und Pharmaindustrie
Forschung für die Gesundheit
Gesundheitsversorgung und Prävention
Potenzialstudie Medizintourismus Berlin-Brandenburg_2015
Clusterbroschuere Gesundheitswirtschaft
Prävention und Gesundheitsförderung
Rehabilitation in Berlin und Brandenburg
Games Industrie in der Hauptstadtregion Berlin-Brandenburg
Digitale Wirtschaft in Berlin
Fernsehen in der Hauptstadtregion Berlin-Brandenburg
Fashion in Berlin
Best Practice Wireless in der Hauptstadtregion Berlin-Brandenburg
Medien und Kreativwirtschaft in Berlin-Brandenburg
Turbomaschinen und Kraftwerkstechnik
Energienetze und -speicher in der Hauptstadtregion Berlin-Brandenburg
Kreislaufwirtschaft in Berlin
Wasserwirtschaft in Berlin
Energietechnik in der Hauptstadtregion Berlin-Brandenburg
Service Packages für Unternehmen in Berlin
Unternehmensservice in den Berliner Bezirken
Berlin Partner: Unser Service fuer Sie