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Cluster Report Photonics in the Capital Region Berlin-Brandenburg

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4.5 Potsdam-Golm

4.5 Potsdam-Golm Advanced research and innovation in the Science Park Potsdam-Golm Thomas Ritschel Golm, once a small community west of Potsdam and known to the public earlier for the nearby conservation area “Golm Luch”, has evolved over the past decade into probably the greatest scientific center in the state of Brandenburg. With a total area of about 50 acres, the Science Park Potsdam-Golm is home to several institutes of Germany's largest research associations and the University of Potsdam, as well as research-oriented industry in start-ups and in small and medium enterprises. Currently, about 2,500 employees are working here, including about 2,000 scientists. In addition, there are more than 8,000 students. A pleasant working environment, high quality of life in the cultural and scientific city of Potsdam and an extreme family-friendliness distinguish the site. A professional site management supports the development of science parks through targeted infrastructure development and combines the strengths and interests of all local institutions and companies. The Science Park Golm exemplifies the principle of short distances: everything is within minutes walking distance. This directly supports the transfer of knowledge and resources and provides the best conditions for synergy and interdisciplinary projects. Map of the Science Park Golm © Standortmanagement Golm gemeinnützige GmbH Optical technologies and, increasingly, microsystems technology are two of the most important research and development areas in Golm. The important core areas primarily include materials research in the field of optical and photo-sensitive polymers and the development of processing strategies for optical materials and functional elements. Optical methods are also used increasingly in the so-called “life science”, and nanotechnology. Examples for this are bio-sensors and optical manipulation of nano-structures. And finally, the entire field of photonics and laser spectroscopy, which ranges from fiber optics spectroscopy and sensors via control of spectral properties through nonlinear optics to quantum optics and quantum information. One of the scientific centers and with a total of 8 institutes largest employer is the Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences of the University of Potsdam. Optical methods play an important role especially in the institutes of chemistry, biochemistry and biology, physics and astronomy and the geosciences. There are close cooperative relations with non-university institutes on site, via jointly appointed professors and numerous projects ranging from basic to applied research. Among the founding members of the science park, aside from the University of Potsdam, is the Max-Planck-Society, which is represented by three institutes: the Max-Planck-Institute for Gravitational Physics (the Albert Einstein Institute), whose research area range from the huge dimensions of the cosmos to subatomic particles, the Max-Planck-Institute for Molecular Plant Physiology, which is dedicated to the life processes in plant cells and tissues, and the Max-Planck-Institute of Colloids and Interfaces, which deals with animate and inanimate structures at the nano- and micro-scales. Polymer research forms a second major focus in Golm. The Fraunhofer-Institute for Applied Polymer Research (IAP), originally founded at a traditional German polymer industry location in Teltow, specializes in the targeted development of sustainable processes and materials from biopolymers, bio-based and synthetic polymers. Applications range from biotechnology, medicine, pharmacy and cosmetics via electronics and optics to applications in packaging, environmental and wastewater engineering or the automotive, paper, construction and paint industry. Currently, the "Application Center for Polymer Nanotechnology" is under construction, which will increase the IAP’s laboratory space and number of employees both by about 50%. In 2006, the Fraunhofer-Institute for Biomedical Engineering (IBMT) opened a new branch of the institute in Golm. The departments “Molecular Bioanalytics and Bioelectronics” and “Cellular Biotechnology & Biochips” research in the fields of molecular diagnostics, device development in the field of lab-on-chip technology and nanotechnology, among others. Optical sensor technology is omnipresent, for example in the form of miniaturized biosensors in analytical systems and in in-vitro diagnostics. A central point on campus, opened in 2007, is GO:IN, a scienceoriented innovation and founders’ center. It offers young companies, in addition to individually designed office and lab space, a variety of services and optimal support for a successful launch. There is also the GO: Incubator, a focal point for spin-offs in the Science Park Golm. Here, scientists who want to turn their ideas and research results into innovative products and services receive a comprehensive range of services from a single source. 32

4.5 Potsdam-Golm Fraunhofer-Institute for Biomedical Engineering (IBMT) © Thomas Ritschel One such company is Colibri Photonics GmbH, launched in 2010. The spin-off from the University of Potsdam specializes in the development of systems for the optical determination of molecular oxygen in biological samples. With the help of a globally unique system, cell growth and differentiation in bio-reactors can be monitored and controlled without direct intervention. New offices of innoFSPEC in Potsdam-Golm © Roland Hass (innoFSPEC) ferent approaches to convert solar energy into electrical energy into a common concept. In the long term, this should serve to develop a new basis for simple, and inexpensive to produce, coating systems. Such a goal is only reachable through close cooperation between groups with different core competencies Synergies become apparent, not least, by numerous collaborations, and cooperation in many thematic networks on site. These include the Potsdam Research Network (pearls), the network for photonics in Brandenburg and Berlin (PhotonikBB), the qualification association Potsdam (AQP), as well as the Center for Molecular Diagnostics and Bioanalytics (ZMDB). Contact: Friedrich Winskowski Standortmanagement Golm gGmbH Phone: +49 (0)331 / 237351 130 GO: IN innovation center Golm – a great place for ideas © Thomas Ritschel GO: INcubator GmbH Email: Also based here is GlucoMetrix AG, a company dedicated to the development of a method for non-invasive blood glucose measurement. On the basis of a quantum cascade lasers, a bloodless measurement method is intended to be available in the near future. In addition to investigations in aqueous solutions with skin cells, first in vivo measurements were performed on patients already. Other local companies also specializing mainly in analytical and diagnostic methods in biological environments or in the nanotechnology, are, e.g., Biocyc GmbH, Cavira Biopharmaceuticals AG, Metabolomic Discoveries GmbH, Nanolytics Gesellschaft für Kolloidanalytik mbH, OakLabs GmbH, peptides & elephants GmbH, Ripac Labor GmbH, or Smart nanocontainers, just to name a few. Examples of interdisciplinary research between resident partners and external institutions are the Center for Innovation Competence innoFSPEC Potsdam (see section 5.1.3), and the BMBF research association “Self-organization in organic hybrid solar cells” (SOHyb). The latter has the objective to bring together, three dif- 33

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