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Cluster Report Photonics in the Capital Region Berlin-Brandenburg

  • Text
  • Imaging
  • Photonics
  • Berlin
  • Optical
  • Laser
  • Technologies
  • Optics
  • Microsystems
  • Components
  • Brandenburg

2.1

2.1 Cluster Evaluation The Berlin-Brandenburg photonics cluster in numbers Gerrit Rössler Data collection methodology The next two chapters provide an overview of the structure and economic development of the photonics cluster in Berlin-Brandenburg. The basis is a content-delimited group of regional companies and research institutions that were assigned to the innovative core of optical technologies and microsystems technology. The calculations for the development of sales and employment figures are based largely on surveys of commercial databases, since official statistics do not include companies with fewer than 50 or 20 employees, but which are the majority of enterprises considered here, and because classification of economic activities for the industry studied here does not allow clear demarcation by content. The primary source is the MARKUS-Datenbank, a data base maintained by Bureau van Dijk Electronic Publishing together with the Federation of Associations for Creditreform, containing structural, financial and investment data for 1.2 million commercially registered companies. Where possible, data gaps were filled by primary data from individual interviews and research. The sales and employment figures include only firms in manufacturing. Service and trading companies are not included. For supraregional companies with multiple locations, only the employees in Berlin-Brandenburg and their proportional contribution to total company sales were included in the calculations. From August to October 2011, the TSB Innovation Agency Berlin conducted a standardized survey of 390 companies and 36 institutions of higher learning and research institutions for optical technologies and microsystems technology in Berlin-Brandenburg, with the participation of 93 organizations. The evaluated data entered the analysis of technology-specific trends and reviews. Figure 1: Number of start-ups in the field of optical technologies and microsystems technology in Berlin-Brandenburg Source: TSB Innovationsagentur Berlin GmbH, the commercial register (October 2011) 10

2.1 Cluster Evaluation Cluster structure Overall, 390 companies of the manufacturing industry in Berlin- Brandenburg can be assigned to optical technologies and microsystems technology. Of these, 298 are in Berlin and 92 in Brandenburg. In the science sector, 10 universities and institutions of higher learning and 26 non-university research institutions operate in the sector, a total of 11 in Brandenburg and 25 in Berlin. the numbers stabilized at 8-17 start-ups per year (see figure 1). Among the most recent industry representatives founded in 2010 and 2011 are, among others, the companies FutureLED and LEDsUP (lighting), Scopis and Colibri Photonics (Optical technologies in biomedicine/pharmaceuticals), DirectPhotonics Industries (laser technology), CP-ProteQ and fibrisTerre (optical measurement and sensor technology), and the component developer Fisba Photonics. The industrial sector of optical technologies and microsystems technology in Berlin-Brandenburg is very strongly influenced by small and medium enterprises. The fraction of businesses with fewer than 250 employees is 97%. 85% have fewer than 50 employees and are thus among the small businesses. The smallest companies with fewer than 10 employees represent 46%, i.e. almost half of the actors (see figure 2). Technological focus Between August and October 2011, a survey of regional businesses and research institutions was conducted to collect data for the evaluation of the photonics cluster, which form the basis for the following evaluation. Figure 2: Distribution by company size Source: TSB Innovationsagentur Berlin GmbH, MARKUS Optical technologies have a long tradition in the capital region (see chapter 3). Companies such as Osram or Schmidt & Haensch are resident here since the late 19th or early 20th Century. Nevertheless, almost 80% of companies aren’t older than 20 years. Especially after the turnaround of 1990 and 1991, a boom in business start-ups began in Berlin-Brandenburg. The background was the clearing and settlement of numerous government research institutes in the former East Germany, which prompted many scientists to step into independence by themselves. After a further increase in the number of start-ups at the turn of the millennium, Figure 3 gives an overview of the classification of the surveyed companies and research institutions into the technology areas of laser technology, lighting technology, optical measuring and sensor technology, optical technology in biomedicine/pharmaceuticals, optical communication technology, and microsystems technology. With the exception of microsystems technology, this distribution can be regarded as representative. In combination, the areas of laser technology and optical measuring and sensor technology have the largest share of players, though these areas also overlap. Lighting technology and optical communications technology have quantitatively few players, but include large companies such as Osram and Semperlux for lighting technology, as well as Nokia Siemens Networks and u2t Photonics for optical communication technology. Microsystems technology is sadly under-represented, which is partially due to the fact that it is an interdisciplinary technology, which is considered application-oriented, or - more generally - associated with electrical engineering, often even by the companies themselves. Figure 3: Respondents by technology fields Source: TSB Innovationsagentur Berlin GmbH 11

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